How to Get Your Garden Ready for Planting This Spring
As the winter season finally subsides, you should prepare your garden for new growth. Spring is the perfect time for new plants due to the temperature becoming warm once again. To ensure that there won’t be any hurdles to optimal growth, check out our guide on how to get your garden ready for planting this spring.
It isn’t just the winter season that can wreak havoc on your lawn — debris can pile up as early as fall. There will certainly be a lot of fallen leaves, twigs, branches, and other natural debris, so get your rake and remove them all. This is always the first step in preparing for a spring planting. By keeping your garden beds and rows free from debris, you reduce the chances of accidentally stepping on seedlings.
Both shrubs and trees should be pruned. In particular, flowering plants that will bloom in summer should be pruned early in spring. These shrubs include beautyberry, smooth hydrangea, butterfly bush, crape myrtle, and vitex. Don’t worry about accidentally removing any of the buds that developed last year — the impending blooms will rely on woods that will form this spring.
As for spring flowers including lilac, viburnum, azalea, and rhododendron, it would be best to prune them once they have bloomed. For the other trees and shrubs, you should check if they have been damaged back in winter. Some branches might have been broken or were damaged by storms. The cold winter could have also led to some of your evergreens suffering from tip diebacks. Thus, you should remove these tips immediately.
See if any of your perennial flowers such as veronicas, Russian sages, blanket flowers, and asters have any dead and discolored foliage. Remove these leaves to encourage new leaf growth. Likewise, you should cut away any overgrown parts that come in contact with other plants. This helps your plants to grow without any obstructions. Of course, pruning and shaping also improve their visual appeal apart from keeping them healthy.
Here is a video of pruning perennials:
Clean Your Gardening Tools
It’s essential that your cutting tools are sharp. Any dull blades won’t lead to clean cuts and they can expose the foliage to diseases. Sharpen these blades or consider replacing them altogether. Moreover, any dirt on the tools must be rinsed away using soapy water. Apply any paint thinner or mineral turpentine on the wooden parts to limit the risk of having splinters.
The structures that will support both mature and new plants should be kept stable. The board used for a raised garden bed could be unbalanced after winter. This is due to the wooden stakes becoming rotten in the cold and wet soil. Repairing the planter is as easy as replacing the rotten stakes and realigning the planter after digging up the soil around it. Consider using screws or nails to firmly attach the stakes to the board.
Prepare the Garden Soil
Good soil ensures that the root systems of your new plants will be firmly established. First, get a rake to turn your garden soil over. Remove any pesky weeds that you see using the same tool, or you can pull them with your bare hands. Ensure that the roots are also pulled up to prevent further growth. Removing weeds in the summer is more difficult since the soil will likely be dry and compacted.
Afterward, improve the organic content in the soil with an application of well-rotted manure or compost. Do this some several weeks before your spring planting to prevent the compost or manure from damaging the developing roots. On a similar note, using fertilizer can be tricky in spring, but you can do it properly with proper timing. Wait for the ground to be completed thawed. This means that no snow and ice have remained in the soil. Use a granular fertilizer for your garden beds.
In conclusion, preparing your garden for spring planting involves several activities. For one, you should keep the area clean through raking. Similarly, pruning trees and shrubs alike will provide enough space for new plants to grow and receive sunlight. Lastly, prepare your garden soil by removing weeds and making it fertile. We hope that our guide helped you out. Feel free to send us a comment if you have any queries.